AskDefine | Define romanza

User Contributed Dictionary

Italian

Adjective

romanza
  1. feminine of romanzo

Noun

  1. romance (piece of music)

Verb

romanza

Extensive Definition

The term romance (, lang-it romanza, lang-de Romanze, lang-fr romance, , lang-pt romance) has a centuries-long history. Beginning as narrative ballads in Spain, it came to be used by the 18th century for simple lyrical pieces not only for voice, but also for instruments alone. During the 18th and 19th centuries Russian composers developed the French variety of the romance as a sentimental category of Russian art song. "Ochi Chyornie" (Black Eyes) is a well-known example.
The Oxford Dictionary of Music states that "generally it implies a specially personal or tender quality.
Georges Bizet's "Je crois entendre encore" from The Pearl Fishers (1863) is labelled a romance in the score.
As for instrumental romances, Mozart subtitled the second movement of his piano concerto no. 20 in D minor (K.466) "Romanze" and his Horn Concerto has a romanze and Rondo. Robert Schumann was particularly fond of the title for lyrical piano pieces.
Some instrumental music bearing the title "Romance":

Notes

References

  • Henri Gougelot, La Romance française sous la Révolution et l'Empire : choix de textes musicaux (Melun:Legrand & Fils, 1937) [2nd ed., 1943].
  • Henri Gougelot, Catalogue des romances françaises parues sous la Révolution et l'Empire, les recueils de romances (Melun:Legrand & Fils, 1937)
romanza in Esperanto: Romantiko
romanza in French: Romance (musique)
romanza in Italian: Romanza
romanza in Hebrew: רומנסה
romanza in Japanese: ロマンス (音楽)
romanza in Russian: Романс (музыка)
romanza in Chinese: 浪漫曲
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